What are Allergies?
Do you know? What are the most common Allergies? When our immune system rises up against unknown substances that are not harmful to our body such as pollen, bee sting, dust mites, or pet dander then Allergies symptoms occur. These unknown substances are called allergens.
They may include certain foods, metals and medications are common causes of severe reactions.
Our immune system generates substances called antibodies. The immune system is normally modified to our environment.
For instance, when our body encounters something like pet dander, our immune system makes antibodies that recognize a specific allergen as injurious, although it is not. For the people facing dander allergies, the immune system recognizes it as a foreign attacker forbidding the body and attacks it.
The strength of allergy extends from man to man and can extend from small impatience to anaphylaxis—a possibly deadly situation. Our immune system works to keep us healthy by fighting against harmful pathogens (infectious agents).
Be dependent on the allergens, this feedback/reaction may demand inflammation, sinuses, sneezing, or other symptoms host.
What are Allergies Symptoms?
The Symptoms of Allergies depend upon several factors. You experienced the symptoms because of allergy which is due to various factors. This comprises the kind of allergy you experienced and how serious the allergy was.
Your symptoms depend on how you are exposed. Allergy symptoms can influence our nasal passage, skin, airways, and digestive system. In some serious conditions, allergies can cause anaphylaxis (life-threatening reactions).
The Most Common Allergies
Some most common allergies are here:
Food Allergies the most common Allergies
Food allergy is also known as Dietary Allergy. It is unusual feedback to a food activated by our body’s immune system. Fish, shellfish, peanuts, and tree nuts, such as walnuts are the foods that activate the allergic reaction.
Food allergy can cause:
- Swelling of Throat, Lips, and Tongue
Seasonal allergies also called “hay fever” or seasonal allergic rhinitis, occur at a particular time during the year, generally when trees, grasses let out their tiny pollen particles in the air.
Symptoms of Seasonal allergies are:
- Runny, Frowzy Nose
- Swollen, Red, Soft, and Watery eyes
- Itching/Tingle of the nose, eyes, and palate
Insect Sting Allergy
Insect Sting Allergy is a word usually given to the allergic feedback of animals, insects, or bees in response to the bite or sting of insects and bees.
Most people who get stung by an insect or bee have a slight response. When you get stung by an insect or bee the venom and other toxins enter your body and cause:
- Swelling around the sting
- Itching around the sting
Allergies start when your immune system accidentally recognizes a material e.g. animal dander, mold, pollen, or food. That material is consulted as an allergen. The allergen triggers immune system cells to release chemicals, for instance, Histamine, which then conduct to allergy causes
Scientists are not certainly confident why our immune system begins an allergic reaction when usually non-toxic or non-poisonous outsider substances cross into the body.
Allergy is a genetic disorder. This means that it can pass from generation to generation. Although only a common sensitivity to an allergic reaction is genetic. Certain allergies cannot pass from generation to generation.
For example, if someone’s father or mother is allergic to an egg, it does not surely mean that his or her offspring will be, too.
Common allergy triggers include:
- Food: Nuts, Wheat, Milk, Flour, Shellfish, Peanuts, Tree Nuts, Date Fruit, Fish, and eggs are common triggers.
- Airborne allergens: Animal dander, Mold, Dust mite waste, Pollens from trees, grass, and weeds as well as resin from plants are common allergens.
- Insects Sting: such as from a mosquito, wasp, and bees, etc.
- Other allergens: Metals like nickel, latex, found in latex gloves or other substances you touch which can cause an allergic reaction.
The best way to avoid these most common allergies is to avoid the substances or allergens that cause an allergic reaction. Many allergens that cause the symptoms of allergy are airborne so a person cannot avoid them always.
It is difficult to avoid allergens. It is everywhere in our surroundings. There is no way to stop the allergens fully, but you can minimize the symptoms. There are treatment options available.
Medication for common allergies
Medications like Antihistamines are often used, for allergy treatment, to control symptoms. What an allergist suggests depends on the strength of the allergy.
The medication for allergy includes:
- Leukotriene modifiers (Singular, Zyflo) are used to manage allergic rhinitis or allergies, as well as prevent asthma.
- Cetirizine (Zyrtec) is a prescription that is used to relieve allergy and cold symptoms.
- Loratadine (Claritin) is an antihistamine that can be used to treat allergy symptoms e.g. running nose, sneezing, itchy, or watery eyes, etc.
- Corticosteroids help to treat a disease like asthma or arthritis.