An allergy reaction to tiny bugs or microorganisms that generally survive in house dust is called Dust Mites Allergy. Dust mites Allergy Symptoms can range from mild to severe. These are extremely tiny insects and belong to the spider family. They are too small to see without a microscope.
Dust mites live in the house dust and eat dead skin cells shed by the people or pets regularly. They can survive in all types of climates, and thrive in a humid and warm environment, preferring temperatures of about 70°F (21°C) and 70% to 80% humidity.
Almost in homes, items such as carpeting, furniture, and, bedding give the perfect environment for dust mites.
Your immune system produces antibodies against the normally harmless substances when you breathe in the waste products of dust mites. This overzealous immune feedback triggers the dust mite allergy symptoms or signs. i.e. instance, running nose.
The number of dust mites in your home can be reduced and controlled by taking the steps. Sometimes medications and treatments are essential to cure dust mites allergy symptoms.
Dust mites Allergy Symptoms
The symptoms of Dust Allergy can range from mild to severe. They may include:
- Itchy, watery, or red eyes
- Running nose
- Cough and pain
- Itchy nose
- Itchy throat, the roof of the mouth, or palate
- Nasal congestion
- Postnasal drip. Swollen, blueish colored skin under the eyes
You may also face additional symptoms if your dust mite allergy leads to asthma. These symptoms include the following:
- Pain in chest and tightness
- Difficulty Breathing
- Coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath
- Trouble sleeping due to shortness of breath and coughing. Talking difficulty.
Running nose or sneezing is like the common cold and is also a dust mites allergy symptom. Sometimes, it is very difficult to know that you are facing a cold or allergy.
Causes of Dust mites Allergy
When our immune system revolts against unknown substances that are not harmful to our body then allergy symptoms occur. They may be pollen, bee sting, dust mites, or pet dander. These unknown foreign substances are called allergens.
Your immune system generates substances called antibodies. The immune system is normally modified to our environment. When you have an allergy, these antibodies identify your specific allergen. When you face the allergens, an inflammatory response is generated by your immune system in your nasal passage or lungs. A permanent or prolonged display of the allergen can cause asthma.
Cockroaches and pet dander are the most common allergy triggers. Tiny particles from cockroaches, pet dander, mold spores, dead skin cells, and dust mites can be included in one particle of dust. Dust allergy triggers include:
- Dust Mites
- Pet dander
You could face redoubled dust allergy symptoms or signs over time if you still take a breath in the dirt mite’s waste environment.
Preventions and Treatments
Avoiding dust mites as much as possible is the first treatment for controlling dust mite allergy symptoms. The best plan to prevent symptoms of allergy is to limit your exposure to dust.
You face less severe allergic reactions when you minimize your exposure, but it is impossible to totally remove dust mites from your surroundings or environment. However, medication can help you to control symptoms. Make some changes to your homes and routines to prevent allergy symptoms, including:
- Minimize humidity in homes
- Use mite-proof cases on pillows and mattresses
- Frequently wash bedsheets or bed linens in hot water
- Particularly in the bedroom remove wall-to-wall carpets, curtains, and drapes
- Keep pets out of the house, particularly out of bedrooms
- Wear a face mask and hand gloves while dusting and cleaning
- Keep all unrefrigerated food covered
If you think you may have an allergy to dust mites, then contact an allergist. An allergist is a person who diagnoses and treats Allergies. An allergist will ask several detailed questions about your work, family medical history, routine, and home environment to identify the cause of your symptoms.
After a dust allergy is identified, your Allergist will recommend the treatments include:
- Subcutaneous Immunotherapy (Allergy Shots)
- Changes to your routine and household environment.