What are Allergy Shots?
Allergy shots are also named allergy injections. It is advised or given for patients with hay fever (allergic rhinitis), allergic asthma, or life-threatening reactions to insect bites. Allergy Shots is the only medical therapy or method that could change allergic diseases. It would be considered for patients with gentle or severe symptoms that are not controlled by medications or environmental control measures.
More than seventy-two percent of patients seen by an allergist are allergic to more than one allergen. The best therapy or treatment for these types of patients is allergy shots. In order to give allergy shots doses, you will depend on how many things you are allergic to.
The big benefit of shots is that you only have to come to the clinic for your shots once a month. However, shots may not be the best option for you if you have a fear of needles. Moreover, if your current schedule does not give permission for you to come into the clinic to get allergy shots.
Allergy Shot Dosage Chart or Schedule
There are two phases of the Allergy Dosage Schedule. The first is build up and the second is the maintenance phase. Build phase includes receiving injections with increasing amounts of a specific allergen one time a week.
The time period depends on how often the injections are received. Stability is the key. The buildup phase is normally within 4 to 6 months if the patient is continuously coming to the clinic for weekly injections.
The patient normally comes to the clinic for a first injection dose and safety vial test at the same visit. If there are no reactions at a dose of 0.05cc of safety vial test that is out is out of normal range. Then the allergist or medical staff will give the patient there the first dose.
During this phase, allergy shots will be re-increased with each new vial. This will be indicated on the allergy shot Dosage chart provided. Do not get more than one injection or shot within a 5 day period. There should be at least 5 days duration between injections.
The second phase or maintenance phase starts when the effective maintenance dose is reached. This dose depends on the patient’s response to the build-up phase and the patient level of allergen sensitivity in the patient. In the maintenance phase, you will receive the dose every 2-4 weeks for at least 4-5 years. You should visit your allergist yearly to estimate the effectiveness of your treatment.
Allergy Shot Dosage Chart
See the Allergy Shot Dosage Chat and allergy drops chat below:
|Allergy Shots||Allergy Drops|
|Method of Administration||Injections In Arms||Drop under the Tongue|
|Insurance Coverage||Yes depending on plan||No|
|Risk of Anaphylaxis||Small||Smaller|
|Contraindications||Beta blocker, severe uncontrolled asthmatics||Severe uncontrolled asthmatics|
|Treatment Frequency||Once a week||Daily|
|Duration of Treatment||3-5 year||3-5 year|
|Adverse Reaction||Swelling, itching, and soreness at injection site||Nausea, itching in mouth and swelling of tongue|
|Physician Assistant Visit Required||Yes every six months (first year every 3 months)||Yes every six months (first year every 3 months)|
|APPOINMENTS||1 Scheduled Appointment (Full day, approximately 8 hours)||8-10 Scheduled Appointments (Varying from 30 minutes and 2 hours) 1-2 Appointments a Week||No Appointments Required|
|VISIT FOR SHOTS||1-3 Shots Per Week After Rush Appointment (No Appointment Necessary)||None||1-3 shots per week|
|TIME TO MAINTENANCE||6-16 Weeks||4-9 Weeks||3-12 Months|
What is a local reaction?
A local reaction isn’t always uncommon. It is redness, swelling, and itching on the injection site. You have to inform your doctor or medical staff about the swelling. So that, a dose adjustment can be made to your next injection if needed by increasing doses.
A local reaction can be managed with antihistamines, topical corticosteroids, or cool compress.
What is the serious or systemic reaction?
Serious allergic reactions are not common. When they do arise, they need instant clinical attention to treat allergy symptoms. Anaphylactic reactions or life-threatening reaction includes the side effects of wheezing or tightness in the chest, swelling of the throat, dizziness, and nausea. Most severe reactions arise within a half-hour after injection administration.
You should immediately report any symptom that occurred after injection to the medical staff and remain in the medical facility for 30 minutes after you receive the injection. If you are taking allergy shots at home call 911 in these serious or life-threatening reactions.