Overuse of antibiotics in children can cause rheumatoid arthritis, obesity, asthma when they grow up. Children under 5 years are susceptible to respiratory illnesses such as bronchitis usual, sore throat, flu, etc, so less resistance. Illness resolves after 5-7 days if well cared for. However, the accompanying symptoms such as cough, fever, runny nose … that many parents worry, baby arbitrarily antibiotics to lick off. According to experts, the overuse of antibiotics can cause an adverse effect on health as well as the development of the baby.
Overuse of antibiotics in children
The overuse of antibiotics in children can cause very serious problems when they grow up. Some of the disorders trigger by overuse of antibiotics in children are in the following with their details:
Research presented at the annual meeting College of Rheumatology 2014, Boston (USA), said the use of antibiotics in children increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis in adolescence (teens arthritis). In particular, the risk increases if children are exposed too early and to multiple kinds of antibiotics.
The research was conducted on 2,000 children fewer than 16 in the UK. Results showed those 153 patients with juvenile arthritis and 1,530 others without the disease.
Asthma due to overuse of antibiotics in children
The scientists also found an association between antibiotics and asthma. If the child uses antibiotics before 6 months of age, the risk of asthma as an adult above 40%. This risk may be increased to 70% if children antibiotics once. So overuse of antibiotics in children causes Asthma which is a very dangerous and leading cause of death and weakness for children.
The overuse of antibiotics in children can cause obesity. Antibiotic researchers and the University Of Pennsylvania School Of Public Health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg-(US) carried out in 2014 on 64,500 children, tracked from birth to 5 years old. Results showed that children under 2 years of treatment on antibiotics 4 times the risk of obesity increased by 10% and higher body mass index in the next 3 years.
The symptoms of cough, fever, runny nose, etc, make parents worry. The symptoms of cough, fever, runny nose … make parents worry.
Clostridium difficile bacteria cause pseudomembranous colitis (inflammatory bowel disease). Central Control and Disease Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 17,000 children aged 1-17 Clostridium difficile bacterial infections each year. Antibiotics are risk factors for Clostridium difficile causes most developed and infections for both adults and children. Antibiotics eliminate beneficial bacteria help protect against infection in a few weeks to several months. During this time, patients with Clostridium difficile infection can from the surrounding environment. This is another drawback of the overuse of antibiotics in children.
According to every other study posted in the Journal of Pediatrics, children with Clostridium difficile infection commonly prescribed antibiotics within the previous 12 weeks. This bacterial toxin acts on the intestinal mucosa, causing loss of bowel function and form pseudo membranous membranes. This false membrane peeling bleeding will lead to children eating appetite, digestive disorders (vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dullness, etc), and even bloody stool.
Overuse of antibiotics in children is the main reason causing drug-resistant bacteria. In the US, there are about 11.4 million antibiotic prescriptions that are unnecessary Statistics for children and adolescents. In Vietnam, the survey conducted by the Ministry of Health shows that although antibiotics are prescribed medication. There are 88% of pharmacies in urban areas and 91% in rural areas of business freedom. In addition, antibiotics have no effect on viruses, but 85% of cases of viral respiratory infections are antibiotic prescription.
The overuse or misuse of antibiotics makes the process of bacterial drug resistance occurs faster, born super bacteria carrying the gene for resistance. According to experts, parents should not give children antibiotics when not needed. For viral diseases and cough, common cold, etc can use the safe medicinal.