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Solar Dermatitis – Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Solar dermatitis

Solar dermatitis is a reaction of the body to UVB rays. It results in the form of an allergic rash, redness, and swelling.

This type of disease can spoil the rest on a sunny day and deliver a lot of unpleasant effects. For the treatment of solar dermatitis, qualified medical assistance is required.

From this article, you will learn what contributes to the formation of solar dermatitis. What are the symptoms of solar allergies and how to treat and prevent them?

Factors of formation

The sunbeam itself is not an allergen. Due to exposure to sunlight, an antigen is formed on the skin, this is the main cause of Solar dermatitis.

The main reasons include:

  • Heredity
  • Various ointments and medicines that contain a lot of estrogens
  • Drugs that normalize the work of the heart system
  • State of deficiency of a vitamin
  • Weak immunity
  • Diseases of the liver and stomach
  • Long exposure to the sun
  • The use of household chemicals before going out
  • Decorative cosmetics with the presence of amber, musk, bergamot oil, and sandalwood

Also, frequent visits to the solarium can be the cause of the onset of the disease. Therefore, before going for an artificial tan, you should undergo an examination.

Symptoms of Solar Dermatitis

The common symptoms of solar dermatitis are a rash on the skin, as well as slight redness. People at risk of this disease can get the first symptom of allergies after some minutes of exposure to the sun.

The common symptoms of solar dermatitis include:

  • Purulent rash and itching
  • With a solar allergy, a burning sensation appears
  • Peeling of the skin occurs
  • Swelling of infected areas of the skin
  • Worsen in general condition, weakness, and fatigue
  • Small rashes even on protected areas of the skin
  • The presence of pink eye

Usually, an allergic rash disappears after 2-3 weeks. But if the skin is again exposed to UVB rays, the rash will appear again. If dermatitis, is not treated immediately, the disease can worsen and become chronic. The following are the chronic form of dermatitis.

  • Increase of skin pattern
  • Aggression
  • Dryness of the skin
  • Skin Cancer
  • Formation of spider veins

With timely treatment, you will ensure a quick recovery.

If red spots and rashes do not vanish throughout the year. This indicates that solar dermatitis has passed into a clinical form. That is continual solar erythema. 

Even with the elimination of the trigger factor. Its symptoms persist and, with repeated exposure to the sun, will severe.

A woman has burned skin caused by solar dermatitis.


After detecting an allergic rash, you should consult a dermatologist for advice. During a dermatological disorder, the doctor makes a presumptive diagnosis of solar dermatitis.

When diagnosis tests with a photo allergen are produced, a photosensitizing substance is detected. The allergist applies allergens to a certain skin affected area in two rows. He also applies bandage on top for one day. After this time, the allergist brings one of the two rows to the sun exposure.

To detect the causes of allergic dermatitis an allergist needs the following test:

  • Biochemical analysis of blood and urine
  • Detection of hormone levels
  • Excretory urography
  • Ultrasound

Solar Dermatitis Treatment

It should be remembered that with this type of disease, self-medication is not allowed. Typically, skincare professionals write out the following recommendations:

  • Limit spending time in the sun
  • Taking antihistamines, but only in severe dermatitis
  • To quickly reduce itching, peeling, and inflammation, use special ointments
  • With the use of ointments, you should use special medicines: Aspirin and Indomethacin
  • Strengthen your immune system. Adhere to a proper and healthy meal, including fruits and vitamins in your diet.
  • By prescribe of a dermatologist, you can use the methods of traditional medicine

This may be the use of a cabbage leaf or slices of cucumber. Some herbal baths can help in the fight against solar dermatitis. These are:

  • Chamomile
  • Sage
  • Valerian
  • St. John’s wort

It is very important to prevent the again reaction of dermatitis. The use of high-quality sunscreens that contain 30-40 SPF protection is recommended. 

Don’t forget to moisturize your skin after sunbathing. The moisturizer should contain panthenol. Before visiting the beach, you should not use perfume or decorative cosmetics.